After eating, the pancreas in the human body releases insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. Our body needs glucose and blood glucose levels are controlled by insulin. Diabetes develops when too much sugar stays in the bloodstream and the body is unable to transport the glucose into the cells where it may be used for energy.
Diabetes can disrupt both men’s and women’s fertility if it is not well managed since it can harm their reproductive systems. Diabetes is the primary factor that delays or prevents implantation and pregnancy due to hormonal disturbance. Diabetes impairs the quality of your sperm and embryos and damages your DNA, leading to deletions and genetic mutations.
Effect of diabetes on women’s fertility
In women, diabetes can result in irregular or absent menstrual cycles, It can also increase the risk of miscarriage and stillbirth, cesarean section, and the baby needing intensive care after birth.
The factors of Infertility in Women with diabetes are:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Oligomenorrhea (irregular periods)
- Secondary amenorrhea (absent periods)
- Premature menopause (premature ovarian failure)
- Endometrial cancer (uterine cancer)
- Microvascular and cardiovascular complications.
Effect of diabetes on men fertility
In men, diabetes is associated with a range of sexual problems including erectile dysfunction, decreased sex drive (libido), ejaculation problems, and inflammation of the foreskin (balanitis). it can cause problems maintaining levels of testosterone (the male hormone).
Benefits of well-controlled blood sugar levels in fertility:
- Helps conceive naturally.
- Reduces the risk of having a very large baby, and the baby requiring intensive care after birth
- Reduces the risk of congenital disorder
- Reduces the risk of stillbirth and neonatal death
What do experts say?
Diabetes affects the fertility of men and women, Studies show that people who try to improve their lifestyle are much more likely to succeed in pregnancy. If you and your partner improve your chance of getting pregnant by managing your diabetes, you will get success surely.
Having diabetes should not affect your fertility. If you are having a problem getting pregnant, do counseling and treatment accordingly for better outcomes. Visit us at Asha IVF and Fertility center for the best infertility treatment in Faridabad.