The uterus is the main internal reproductive organ of a woman. In medical language, the polyp is an abnormal growth of body cells. They can look like small mushrooms or flat bumps. Uterine polyps grow in the inner lining of the uterus in women. These polyps are formed when the cells in the lining of the uterus (endometrium) grow i an uneven way. Uterine polyps can range in size from as small as a mole to as large as a golf ball. This mucus is a protruding structure outside the membrane. Often it is attached to the tissues like a thin and long stem below. When polyps are in the cervix, they are called Cervical Polyps, a Polyp of Cervix. . They are also called endometrial polyps. 95 percent of uterine polyps are benign, meaning they don’t cause cancer.
Symptoms of Endometrial Polyps:
- Irregular Menstrual Bleeding
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Postmenopausal bleeding
- Prolapse, which occurs when a polyp comes through the cervix and protrudes out of the uterus
Your doctor will probably perform a pelvic ultrasound if you are having irregular bleeding or other symptoms. Sometimes an ultrasound alone can’t make the diagnosis of a uterine polyp, then Transvaginal ultrasound is performed with a thin device with a camera inserted into the vagina that emits sound waves to produce an image of the uterus. A polyp may be visible in it. This is called a hysteroscopy. It helps diagnose polyps. This polyp maybe shows clearly or may be in the form of thickened endometrial tissue.
If there is a problem with having a baby and there is a polyp in the uterus, then doctors recommend removing it. Hormonal medications can reduce the symptoms of a polyp. But taking such medicines is usually a short-term solution. Symptoms usually recur when the medicine is stopped. Very small polyps are often not treated because sometimes it disappears on their own. Your doctor will plan a treatment to make sure they don’t get larger.
If you have symptoms, you might need treatment to remove the polyps. Surgery is the only option to remove it if it is not treated with medicine. Endometrial polyps are most often removed by a procedure called hysteroscopy. Sometimes, a D and C (Dilation and Curettage) can be done to biopsy the endometrium and remove the polyp. This is less commonly used.
Uterine Polyps can lead to infertility or miscarriage. The polyp can make it difficult for the embryo to implant in the uterus. In many cases, pregnancy can happen when there are uterine polyps, but there can be problems with it. Many women have repeated miscarriages due to polyps. A successful surgery includes completely removing the polyp, an improvement in symptoms, and healing well. Removing uterine polyps can help fertility.