Endometriosis: What You Need to Know

Endometriosis: What You Need to Know

Are you trying to conceive for a long time? Or your repeated attempts to conceive are unsuccessful. One of the reasons could be endometriosis. Endometriosis is a fertility disorder in which endometrial tissue that resembles the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterine cavity. The lining of the uterus is called the endometrium. Endometriosis happens when endometrial tissue grows on the tissues lining the ovaries, bowel, and pelvis.

About 40 percent of women have difficulty conceiving because of endometriosis. Endometriosis is likely due to the increased levels of the hormone estrogen in the body. The hormonal changes of your menstrual cycle affect the misplaced endometrial-like tissue. It causes inflamed and painful area in uterus. This means the tissue will grow, thicken, and break down. Over time, the tissue that has broken down has nowhere to go and becomes trapped in your pelvis.The fertility of women is badly affected due to endometriosis.

Symptoms of Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a chronic disease that progresses over time. This is also a reason for the unbearable pain during menstruation. Symptoms of endometriosis are different for every woman. Some women may experience moderate symptoms while others may experience severe problems. The most frequent symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain.

In this you may see the following symptoms:

  • Pain during periods
  • Pain in the lower abdomen before and during menstruation
  • Cramps around a week or two after menstruation
  • Bleeding between periods or heavy periods
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Discomfort in passing stools
  • Pain in the lower back at any time during menstruation.


The treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms of the woman and its duration. In mild to moderate cases of endometriosis, women can still conceive. Doctors advise women with endometriosis to conceive as soon as possible as the condition worsens over time.

Dr. Ashtha Chakravarty, the Best IVF Specialist in Faridabad says “for treatment, first of all, we manage this disease with medicines. With medicines, we try to suppress the endometrial tissues in unusual places so that their effect is reduced.”

When medications fail to provide relief, surgery may also be considered. The fertility of women in this condition can be increased by surgery. This surgery is done through laparoscopy in which the frozen blood around the ovaries and other organs is removed, without harming the reproductive system. Moreover, by this action, the bent limbs are also brought to their old places. This provides great relief from pain and also increases the chances of becoming a mother.