Both men and women may have risk factors that contribute to infertility, and those risk factors may be genetic, environmental, or lifestyle-related. Obesity is a prevalent and well-documented risk factor for infertility in both men and women. The more severe the excess weight and belly fat, the greater the risk of infertility. Being overweight can also cause hormonal imbalances that impact both men and women’s reproductive processes. Obesity-related hormonal imbalances have a harmful impact on ovulation and sperm production.
Excess weight affects female fertility
The menstrual cycle is controlled by a delicate hormonal balance. Overweight and obese women have greater amounts of leptin, a hormone produced in adipose tissue. This can disturb hormone balance and result in decreased fertility.
The amount and distribution of body fat influence the menstrual cycle via various hormonal pathways. It can cause insulin overproduction in women, leading to irregular ovulation. Obesity, increased insulin production, and the reproductive disorder known as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are also linked. PCOS is a medical disorder characterized by irregular menstrual periods, anovulation (decreased or stopped ovulation), obesity, and high male hormone levels.
Excess weight affects male fertility
Obesity is also linked to reduced fertility in men. This is most likely the result of a mix of events. These include hormone issues, sexual dysfunction, and other obesity-related health concerns such as type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea (all of which are connected with low testosterone levels and erectile dysfunction).
Hormone imbalances in men influence testicular stimulation, which inhibits sperm generation. Excess fat converts testosterone, the male hormone, into estrogen, which reduces testicle stimulation. According to research, a high BMI in men correlates with lower testosterone levels. The study found that overweight men had 24 percent lower testosterone levels than normal-weight men, and obese men had 26 percent lower levels. Men with high BMIs are more likely to have abnormal sperm analyses.
The good news
While the facts related to weight and fertility may appear perplexing, there is some good news. Weight-loss programs, particularly those combining nutrition and exercise, can enhance menstrual cycle regularity and increase the likelihood of conception. Even a small weight decrease of 5-10% increases fertility and the possibility of conceiving in obese women with ovulatory infertility.
Obesity is a serious health issue that is linked to infertility and a variety of other co-morbid diseases. Weight loss is particularly beneficial in the therapy of such individuals, can improve fertility, and lead to successful full-term babies.
If you are facing infertility due to your weight, visit the Best Infertility Clinic in Faridabad and consult a certified nutritionist. She will help you with the best-customized nutrition chart and healthy diet.